Majority of Jordanians believe that Climate has already changed
The Ministry of Environment in collaboration with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the Royal Scientific Society (RSS) published the results of the first public opinion survey about the level of knowledge about climate change and its impact on Jordan and the way to address it. A ceremony was held at the RSS under the patronage of the Minister of Environment Dr. Taher R. Shakhashir and presence of the UNDP Country Director Ms. Zena Ali-Ahmad.
The study showed that about 78% of the study samples surveyed believe that the climate has really changed in the past years. Around 67.1% stated that they sensed a change in the climate and this change was negative and annoying to them. Moreover, 72.9% of the study population considered that the main reason for climate change was due to anthropogenic activities like industrial activities, energy sector and transportation. On the other hand, 52% considered that this phenomenon is serious and should be addressed.
The Minister of Environment, Dr. Taher R. Shakhashir, said in his speech that this study was prepared as a part of “Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Jordan’s Third National Communication Report to the UNFCCC (TNC)” project activities which is implemented by the Ministry of Environment in cooperation with the UNDP. The final report of the project will be submitted to the Secretariat of the United Nations Convention on Climate Change UNFCCC. Dr. Taher R. Shakhashir added that the study aims to assess the level of awareness and understanding of the public about climate change in Jordan and identify the gaps in knowledge in order to prepare a comprehensive outreach plan for raising public awareness. This study will form the reference for outreach and awareness programs on climate change issues in the coming years.
Dr. Shakhashir announced during the event that the Ministry of Environment has decided to establish a special directorate in its new organizational structure that is specialized in Climate Change issues, especially adaptation, mitigation, GHG inventory reporting and carbon finance. This decision comes as a direct response to the recommendations included in the recently launched National Policy for Climate Change that was prepared by the Ministry of Environment in collaboration with the UNDP and launched in 2013.
He also added that the Ministry of Environment will organize various activities to raise awareness on climate change and will discuss the results of the study in details with different sectors in the coming period, will identify the roles of each of these institutions in raising awareness on climate change. He also noted that the Ministry of Environment will witness a transformational phase in planning for the implementation of climate change programs, and in activating the existing institutional frameworks such as the National Committee on Climate Change, in addition to the establishment of new institutional frameworks especially at the highest levels of decision-making.
The UNDP Country Director in Jordan Ms. Zena Ali- Ahmad said that UNDP will continue to provide technical and financial support for the implementation of mitigation and adaptation programs and capacity building, based on the priorities included in the National Policy on Climate Change. Ms. Zena Ali-Ahmad emphasized on the importance of translating these studies to a number of awareness activities that target all popular and official levels, and stressed that UNDP will take these results into account in the design of new projects on climate change.
Around 75% of the study sample stated that the impacts of climate change at the national levels will be mainly manifested in the form of rise in temperature, and 65% stated that climate change will negatively affect amounts of precipitation in addition to increasing energy consumption by 40.9 %. Despite these effects, 64.4 % of the study population stated that Jordan has minor contribution in causing the climate change compared to the contribution of industrialized countries.
As for the most important adaptation options priorities according to the sample under study were, first water conservation 69%, the use of drought tolerant crops with minimal water requirement 60.8 %, and Conservation of biodiversity and natural ecosystems 49.4 %.
Regarding the best communication tools that can be used to increase awareness as confirmed by the study population, the first option was the TV and satellite channels by 78.5 %, followed by social media networks (Facebook and Twitter) by 66.3%, and the least percentage was for workshops and seminars 26%. The most important types of information preferred to be received on climate change by 32.9 % of the study community were all information (scientific explanations, success stories and other countries experiences).
For more information, please contact:
Ministry of Environment
Tel: +962 6 5560113
Fax: +962 6 5516377
Tel: +962 6 5100420
Fax: +962 6 5100430