6 Develop a global partnership for development

Where we are?


The goal of ‘developing a global partnership for development’ was included in the Millennium Development Goals in an attempt to encourage genuine partnership between developed and developing countries. In doing so, such partnerships will bring positive impacts on the poor and unemployed in poor countries as well as bridge the scientific, technological and industrial divide between the North and the South.

The international movement of commodities and funds now forms the major pattern of economic exchange; the size of foreign trade is larger than that of the GDP in many poor and middle-income countries. Foreign development assistance and foreign investment are considered a key source to support basic services - such as health, education, infrastructure, as well as the production projects that use advanced technology in these developing countries. Hence, the external economic sector is critical in providing job opportunities, as both exporting and importing industries expand and grow. In addition, such activity facilitates a knowledge transfer from developed to developing countries, a process which can benefit all aspects and all levels of society. The importing countries can use the scientific research knowledge and technological expertise of developed countries to improve production potential, develop knowledge-based capital, and support creativity and scientific innovations in adapting them to their own domestic context.

The introduction and development of MDG 8 ‘Develop a global partnership for development’ requires a different method and approach than that of the other MDGs. In particular, this MDG includes seven targets and sixteen indicators that do not apply equally to all countries. Moreover, the implications of these targets and indicators vary from one country to another. Wealthier and more developed countries offer their methodologies of providing assistance to other countries; they also market/ promote their indicators of choice that reflect and enhance such methodologies. Alternatively, the developing countries would display the level of benefit from and satisfaction with the foreign/external assistance. For example, the following targets do not apply to the Jordanian economic context:

• Target 1: Addressing the special needs of the least developed countries (LDCs). This includes exemptions customs and quota exemptions for LDC exports; alleviating the debt burden of heavily indebted poor countries (HIPCs) by writing off official bilateral debts; and offering more generous ODA to countries committed to poverty alleviation.

• Target 2: Addressing the special needs of landlocked and small island developing states.

• Target 3: Cooperating with pharmaceutical companies to developing countries with their essential needs of drugs at affordable prices.

The target regarding collaboration with developing countries to design and implement strategies to provide job opportunities for the young people was transferred to MDG 1. In light of the above, this chapter of the report will attend to the targets of MDG 8 that pertain to Jordan.

This goal, presented from a national perspective, offers an analysis and a discussion of the national economy at the macro-level in terms of Jordan’s partnerships and connections with the outside world; and the impact of the global financial crisis on the country’s various economic
aspects. The country’s external economic policies seek to achieve the following key goals:

• Support national exports through increasing the competitiveness of national industries,maintaining the
traditional markets of national exports while opening new market, where Jordanian exports would have
a highly comparative advantage.

• Ensure inflow of capital and investments into Jordan in order to maintain the magnitude of investment inflows at the required levels.

• Achieve water security and obtain energy supplies. Since Jordan is one of the poorest countries in the
world in terms of water and energy sources, the cost of resources places increased emphasis on other economic resources and the State budget.

• Continue with the Government commitment to the ceiling set forth by the public debt law.

Targets for MDG8
  1. Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading and financial system
    • Developing countries gain greater access to the markets of developed countries
    • Least developed countries benefit most from tariff reductions, especially on their agricultural products
  2. Address the special needs of least developed countries
    • Net Official development assistance (ODA), total and to the least developed countries, as percentage of OECD/DAC donors' gross national income
    • Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  3. Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
    • Official development assistance (ODA) received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their gross national income
    • ODA received in small island developing States as a proportion of their gross national incomes
    • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
    • Market access
    • Debt sustainability
  4. Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries
    • Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)
    • Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI Initiatives
    • Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services
  5. In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
    • Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis
  6. In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
    • Telephone lines per 100 population
    • Cellular subscribers per 100 population
    • Internet users per 100 population