6 Reduce child mortality
Where we are?
Child and infant mortality rates are viewed as key indicators of the overall socio-economic situation, quality of life and living standards in society. In all of its development plans in general, and health-based planning in particular, the Government of Jordan (GoJ) has placed an emphasis on child and maternal health with the aim of reducing child mortality.
Over the last two decades Jordan has adopted a set of health, economic and nutritional plans and policies to support child health and wellbeing. A strong political and governmental commitment exists to achieve MDG4. The 2004-2013 Jordanian National Plan of Action for Children was developed with key themes based on the MDGs. As part of the Ministry of Health (MoH) National Health Policy, the Government covered all Jordanian children under six by providing free health insurance at MoH hospitals and health care centres. The Integrated Child Health Strategy and Childcare Programme has been adopted and implemented – implementation of this programme was underway in 2009, at the health care centres and UNRWA clinics in seven governorates.
The Government has continued its commitment to support the free National Programme on Immunization (NPI), in addition to the community-based micronutrient supplementation programme that seeks to compensate targeted children for vitamin and mineral
The Government has also increased the coverage of free basic health services for mothers and children through expanding the network of woman and child health centres and basic health care centres. Additionally the GoJ has also focused on health-related education and awareness issues, prenatal care, family planning services and immunization. Furthermore, the MoH recently developed quality control plans, programmes and mechanisms in order to improve performance in basic health care services through implementation of international accreditation standards for health care institutions.
The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Targets for MDG4
- Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five
- Under-five mortality rate
- Infant mortality rate
- Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles