In 2000, 189 nations made a promise to free people from extreme poverty and multiple deprivations. This pledge became the eight Millennium Development Goals to be achieved by 2015. In September 2010, the world recommitted itself to accelerate progress towards these goals
Eight Goals for 2015
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
Millennium Development Goals in Jordan
At the United Nations Millennium Summit in 2000, 189 Member States adopted the Millennium Declaration and pledged to achieve the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by the target date of 2015.
Since then, the declaration has succeeded in galvanizing unprecedented efforts to urge governments together with civil society organizations, the private sector and the international community in addressing the needs of the world’s poorest.
In Jordan, the first National MDG report was released in 2004 and made an effective contribution to the country’s policy-making as the goals, targets and indicators were adapted and aligned with national plans and development priorities.
“Keeping the Promise and Achieving Aspirations”
UNDP in partnership with the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation and in close consultations with other UN agencies, civil society organizations and relevant stakeholders, launched in 2010, Jordan’s Second National MDG Report titled “Keeping the Promise and Achieving Aspirations”. The report shows Jordan’s progress towards achieving the MDG’s and focuses on the steps required for the upcoming stage to meet the goals by 2015. It also serves as a reference informing national development plans.
MDG’s in Jordan
Jordan’s Second MDG Report showed that the country is on the right track towards meeting most of the MDG targets. In particular, MDG2 has been achieved and achievement of MDG 5 and 6 is possible. Targeted policy actions are needed to achieve MDG 1, 3, 4 and 7. In general, significant challenges still impede progress particularly in light of the repercussions of the global economic crises and its impact on economic growth rates, public debt, government revenues and unemployment rates. With only 5 years to achieve the MDG’s, a more holistic approach needs to be adopted.
Integrating MDGs within National Priorities
In 2006 Jordan released two important documents that articulated the vision of the country and development planning, namely the “National Agenda” and the "We are all Jordan". This vision was operationalized into a three-year National Executive Programme (NEP) specifying policies, programmes and projects for government institutions. UNDP supported the integration of MDG indicators within those plans, related to social welfare; health care, poverty reduction and education.
UNDP also continued to monitor this programme by building the capacity of the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation (MoPIC), which is in charge of their monitoring and evaluation, in incorporating MDG indicators within the NEP.
However, the above efforts needed to be placed within an overall framework and be supported with comprehensive coordination mechanisms that enable formulation of coordinated policies at the national, sectoral and local levels. Key to achieving this was to provide the needed data and analysis and generate the knowledge base for policy-making. UNDP is therefore providing technical and institutional support to help the ministry establish a monitoring framework for MDG’s in the NEP.
UNDP has also been involved in improving the quality of the poverty and social statistics produced by the official statistics office in Jordan: the Department of Statistics (DOS).