Fourth National Report on Implementation of the Convention On Biological Diversity
The area of Jordan is about 89,000 (km2), of which over 80% are semi-arid and arid areas. Due to its strategic location among three continents; Asia, Africa and Europe, Jordan treasure astonishing biological diversity, including terrestrial, wetland and marine ecosystems. The country has diverse topography, considerable climatic variations, and several habitat types. The climate in Jordan is mostly semi-arid to arid desert with an average precipitation ranging from less than 70 mm in the eastern and southern desert areas arising to 350 mm in the middle, and up to 600 mm per annum in the north-west part of the country. The topography of the country is mostly desert plateau with highland and Jordan Valley in the west. The lowest point in Jordan (and on earth) is 416 meters below sea level at the Dead Sea. The highest point is 1,854 meters above sea level at Jabal Um Dami Mount (Rum Area).